Brain Diseases: Symptoms, Causes And Treatments

Meningitis and Encephalitis 

This article will cover 5 types of brain diseases, meningitis and encephalitis, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s. Meningitis is an inflammatory illness of the membranes that make up the area around the spinal cord and the brain. 

Viral meningitis cannot be treated with antibiotics because it is not the result of bacterial infection. The symptoms of encephalitis are a sudden fever, headache, vomiting, heightened sensitivity to light, a stiff neck and back. There is also confusion, impaired judgment, drowsiness, weakened muscles, clumsiness, an unsteady walk, and irritability, as further symptoms of encephalitis. 

Symptoms of Meningitis and Encephalitis 

Other symptoms of encephalitis that require emergency treatment, include the loss of consciousness, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting. The symptoms of meningitis resolve in 10 days but the symptoms are high fever, severe, persistent headache, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting. 

The treatment for encephalitis is antibiotic as the symptoms could include a possible coma. Meningitis can cause a stiff neck and a severe headache. Meningitis also causes a skin rash. People with meningitis can have no appetite or thirst. A huge symptom is a sudden headache that does not as disappear.

Alzheimer’s Disease 

Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common cause of dementia, which is a general term for memory loss in the elderly, as well as the loss of other cognitive abilities, which is serious enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer’s disease counts for 60 per cent to 80 percent, of dementia cases. 

Alzheimer’s gets worse, not better because individuals lose the ability to hold a conversation much less focus on one. They also lose the ability to sense their environment as Alzheimer’s is also about affecting the brain function of the cells in your body. People with Alzheimer’s can live 20 years after the diagnosis if necessary. 

What is Epilepsy? 

Epilepsy is the fourth leading neurological disorder that affects people of all ages, meaning the same thing as “seizure disorder,” which refers to the way epilepsy causes a person to have a seizure. Seizures may be related to brain injury or a family tendency with the cause being completely unknown.

There is more than one kind of seizure out there, a seizure that can be different from each other in terms of how severe a person is affected. Seizures have adverse effects on ordinary life, which marks a person with epilepsy as someone who has to take their medication as prescribed. 

Each seizure medication has a different function. A person with epilepsy may find that there are situations, habits, health problems-or medications that can affect their seizures. Not getting enough sleep could trigger a seizure as well. 


The final brain disorder to be discussed is Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s has to do with dopamine in the brain, and a medicine called levodopa, which eases Parkinson’s symptoms such as stiffness, and shaking. People with Parkinson’s do not make enough dopamine in their cells. Magnetic resonance imaging helps take a picture of the brain, click here. MRIs cannot be used on a person with a pacemaker, a defibrillator, hearing devices or drug pumps. MRIs bring back useful data on the brain. 

This medication can help increase dopamine but as the illness progresses, your nerve cells, either way, do not produce enough dopamine. Nerve cells break down as Parkinson’s gets more progressive, and it also depends on what age you were diagnosed. Some Parkinson manifestations are more severe than others. In Parkinson’s, there are on-off phases of illness and wellness that is cyclic in nature. 

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