There are many ways by which a person may incur a brain injury. You can get hit by a blunt object such as a rock or a piece of wood. Another instance is when you get shot in the head, and the bullet penetrates the skull. There can be many ways your brain can get injured, and there are also varying degrees by which brain injury is categorized.
It’s essential to categorize a brain injury because this will influence the recommended ways by which a person can recover from it. Here are the different categories of brain injuries and how they are classified:
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Generally, with this category of brain injuries, the victim will only have temporary symptoms. A patient who falls under this category may eventually recover with only some OTC (over-the-counter) medication and bed rest. The patient will be allowed to return home to recover, and they will be observed to see if the symptoms get worse.
When this happens, the patient will be re-assessed by the doctor to check for complications due to brain injury. However, if the patient seems stable after resting, the doctor will allow them to return to do their previous activities going to work or school.
When the patient can cope with it, it’s advisable to consider filing a lawsuit. Traumatic brain injury lawsuit is what you can file against a person or a group of people who are believed to have attacked or caused injuries to the patient.
Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
This category of brain injuries is more worrisome because the medical team assisting the victim will need to ensure there is sufficient oxygen reaching the brain. Blood pressure also needs to be stabilized. The team has to prevent further damage to the neck or head of the victim as well.
A person who suffers moderate to severe traumatic brain injury may be treated in the following ways:
- Dosed with Medications – The medication which the doctor will prescribe may consist of anti-seizure drugs, diuretics, or even coma-inducing drugs.
- Surgery – This becomes an option if it seems the brain will absorb more damage without it. Surgery will help to remove intra-cranial pressure, allow bleeding within brain tissues to be stopped, extract skull fragments that have entered brain tissues, remove clotted blood, and repair the fractured skull.
- Undergo Rehabilitation Assistance – Once the brain injury victim has stabilized and seems to be conscious again, different rehabilitation specialists may assist the victim towards a full recovery.
- Coping Assistance – As the brain injury patient heads for recovery status, the next of kin or the spouse may initiate coping assistance. The different means of coping assistance are being placed in a brain injury support group. They are usually asked to fill out a daily journal to see if memory is affected, follow a prescribed daily routine. It is also advised to take a break from school or work responsibilities, or they can opt to attend a modified school or work responsibilities with assistance. Affected patients should be safeguarded from distractions (including loud noises from radio or TV), and they are only allowed to undertake one task at a time.
With this kind of brain injury case, it’s also advisable to file a traumatic brain injury lawsuit. This will help the victim to recoup the cost of medical treatment as well as the loss of income due to prolonged recovery time from brain injuries.
There are also cases of moderate to severe brain injuries where there is no attacker. For example, the victim may have simply slipped in the shower while taking a bath, or perhaps the victim was walking down a staircase; they tripped and fell. These are common accidents when the victims are senior citizens or young children.
In such cases, the medical team should inquire with the next of kin or the spouse whether the victim is covered by accident insurance. This would help in paying for the high cost of medical care given to the victim.
It should be noted that some brain injury victims respond better to treatment than others. Victims who received emergency treatment promptly may be able to recover from the injury faster than those whose emergency assistance was delayed. There may also be some lasting effects, such as cognitive impairment when it comes to brain injuries.
This means the victim may have to depend on next of kin, a spouse or adult children for financial support to survive. Fortunately, many health care professionals can provide help to brain injury victims so that recovery may be hastened. Therefore, they will be able to go back to their everyday lives as soon as possible.